译林版英语六年级上册1-4单元知识点总结(知名教育培训机构内部资料)

译林版英语六年级上1-4单元知识点

Unit1

一.一般过去时

定义:过去发生的事情

“标志:yesterday,last….,….ago,the day before yesterday

根据中文字面意思(“了””

“(this morning/afternoon很多时候会看成一般过去时标志,但要看中文意思,

有时也会用于现在时,现在将来时)”

结构:主语+Ved

根据中文字面意思(“了”“)这个常考,难点

tell(told)    think(thought)

二.形容词用法

1.形容词修饰名词,放在名词前

eg:a magic box

2.be/become/look(看起来)+形容词

eg: The box is magic

“非常重要:看起来look时系动词,后加形容词(形容词前要出现be动词)

eg:He looks sad.

看,look是动词,用副词修饰

eg: He looks at the bees carefully”

三:through 介词,介词前要出现动词

所以书上出现  walk through  还可以是go through;run through

四:laugh

laugh at 如果后面加代词,要用宾格,因为at是介词

shout at         eg:point at me/him

look at

point at

五:wear 动词

put on 动词短语

in 介词

The boy in red is my brother.

The King walked through the city in his new clothes.句子中已经有动词,还要表示穿这个动词,只能用“in”

六:tell a story=tell stories   tell+人+a story/stories

名词的单复数变化规则

七:each 主语单数,谓语动词用s/es

each+名词构成单数  Each student says…

八.快速的短语 be quick (短语一定不是一个单词)

九.引申 It’s your turn=It is Bobby’s turn

十.hard 副词,副词修饰动词,放动词后   study hard     think hard

十一.child→children

十二.复习 there be 结构

“there be 某处有什么(物有)

have 人有

There was a king.

A king has a magic box.

十三.clothes “打包词”无单数   his clothes      these magic clothes

十四.We can make new clothes for you .   for介词“为”

He can make new clothes for you .

十五.show 动词  展示给……看

show sb sth        eg:show the king his new clothes.

show sth to sb     eg:show his new clothes to the king.

Unit2

1.形容词(复习)

sunny  windy  cloudy  形容词前要出现be/become

eg:It was sunny.

The weather become windy and cloudy.

2.rain 名词或动词

rainy形容词    前面有be动词用rainy

eg:It rained all day on 20th September.具体的 某一天用on     on Monday morning

It was rainy all day on 20th September.

3.日期

星期,+日+月   日要用序数词

eg:Sunday,20th September

4.by bike   by 是介词

ride a bike    ride 是动词

go to the park by bike 句中有动词,所以用by

5.see→saw    bring→brought   fly→flew    lose→lost

6.We fly a kite/kites high in the sky. high 是副词修饰动词fly

7.It’s time for+n/v-ing   到什么时间了

It’s time to +v原

eg:It was time for lunch/having lunch.

It was time to have lunch.

8.some drinks   drink为可数名词

9.could是can 的过去式

10.There were black clouds in the sky.   black clouds 乌云

11.bring +物 to +某地

eg:They brought lunch to the park.

12.复习: What’s the matter with you ?

What’s wrong with you ?

“13.①climb up the hill   climb中“b””不发音

②hold onto  抓住”

14.表示几点几点前用at       at 6:00

15.I found the pen behind the hill.

16.go swimming/skating/shopping/boating/camping/fishing

17.have a picnic=have picnics

16.try on

try +名词+on  名词放中间或后都可以

eg:try these magic clothes on

try on these magic clothes

try +代词宾格+on 代词只能放中间

try it on     try them on  为什么用宾格,因为try是动词

17.people 看作复数

Clever people are in the street. 在街上介词用in

Foolish people can’t see them.代词用宾格,因为前有动词see

18.They looked at the king and shouted “what beautiful clothes”

“①用and连接的两个动词的时态必须一样

②what引导感叹句,clothes 是名词用what”

19.the king’s new clothes  king’s 名词所有格

Teachers’ Day

the photos of my city 从后往前翻译,无生命的用of   photo的复数加s

20.want to  /would like to 想要做某事

eg: He wants to make clothes for him

“①want to +v原形

②为…用for

③for 是介词,所以后用him

21.fit 动词

Do they fit?

They fit well.   well是副词,修饰fit动词   非常合身

22.复习 现在进行时

定义:正在发生的事情

结构:be +V-ing 一定不要忘记+be

标志:now, look和listen(放句首+,)

They are playing a game.

注意:当句子中有be动词后出现行为动词,动词用ing形式

23.live in                live behind

24.have to

We have to move the mountain away

  1. say to 和某人说

Unit3

1.询问对方假期去哪里了的句型及答语Q:Where did you go for the holiday?

A:I/We went(to)+地点。

2.询问对方过去在某个地方做了什么的句型

Q:What did you do+地点?

A:I/We +动词过去式(+其他).

例:–Where did you do at home?

–I watched TV. What about you?

–I did my homework.

3.询问对方在过去是否做了某事的句型

Q:Did you +动词原形(+其他)?

A:Yes,I/we did.  /  No,I/we didn’t

例:–Did you play tennis last weekends?

–No, I didn’t.

4.询问对方做某事的原因

Q:Why did you+动词原形(+其他)?

A:Because +原因

例:–Why did you like it?

–Because it was cute.

5.询问某人/某物在过去某个时间情况怎么样的句型

Q: How is/ was+某事/某物?

A:  It is/was +形容词

例:–How was your holiday?

–It was great fun .

7.how的常见用法

(1)询问健康状况

How are your parents?

(2)询问天气状况

How’s the weather today?

(3)询问出行方式

How do you go to school?

(4)询问看法

How do you like this book?

8.sound time     图片+说明

如何判断声调,降调

9.culture time          图片+翻译,讲解

10.”到……的时候了“的句型

It’s time for+名词/动词-ing   /    It’s time to +动词原形

例:It’s time for lunch.

It’s time for going home.

It’s time to go to school.

12.询问”关于…….”

ask about sth.=ask sb. about sth.

例:He asks about my family

→He asks me about my family.

13.”因……而兴奋/激动“

be excited about… .

例:I’m excited about the birthday party.

excited意为”激动的,兴奋的“,常用来形容人

exciting意为”令人激动的,令人兴奋的“,常用来形容事物

14.”进展顺利 “go well

well是副词,修饰前面的动词go

例:The match is going well. (比赛进展顺利)。

15.”举办一场…….表演/秀/展览“

have a/an … show

例:have an animal show(举办一场动物表演)

have a parrot show (举办一场鹦鹉秀)

Unit4

做任何题先看时态,如果主语三单,动词是原形,90%错误。(cut、put、read)

1、过去时和一般现在时两个时态的转变

以前怎么怎么样,现在….

eg:….ago,+过去时态;now(现在)+一般现在时态

(now“现在”,指的是现在一段时间,而非现在进行时的标志。)

eg:There years ago , I did some shopping by bike. now, I do some shopping by metro.

2、①can 能 会  could(can的过去式)

情态动词后+动词原形,不随着主语的变化而变化

eg:He can call people anywhere.   他能在任何地方打电话

He could call people anywhere. 他过去能在任何地方打电话

Six years ago,Mike could read and draw,but he could not write.

②can’t/couldn’t+动词原形   不能 不会

He could’t read and draw.  他不会读书画画(过去不会)

③Can/could 放句首,引导一般疑问句   你能怎么样吗?

Can you spell them?

Yes,主格 can. No, 主格 can’t.

特殊:“Could I …?(我可以……吗?)”

eg:Could I use your phone,please? 我可以用你的电话吗?

3、use sth to +动词原形  使用什么做什么事情

He used the phone at home and in the office to call people.

使用电话打给人们。  at home and in the office 修饰电话

引申 used to +动词原形      过去常常做什么事情  (尖子班讲,其他不需要)

He used to read newspapers at home and in the office.

4、① read newspapers for news

for 为了 …, 读报纸,为了新闻。读报纸,看新闻。

listen to the radio for news. 听录音机,为了新闻。收听新闻

listen to me.  to介词,后面用宾格。(him、you、us、them)

②watch news on the Internet

read、watch 的区别      (see看见,look看…具体事物/东西)

read看,指的是纸质的    read bokks / newpapers

watch看,屏幕的     watch TV / a film /watch …on the Internet

5、from   来自 /从….

He bought things from shops.(从商店)

She has  friends from all over the world. (来自)

6、动词的过去式

p39页熟记+buy–bought

7、er 发音多数情况下放末尾表示人

or    doctor 与er发音一样。

8、look out of the window   看向窗外

out of 有“外”的意思

He is looking out of the window.现在进行时。不要忘记be动词

9、go on 后面如果遇到动词,动词+ing。

因为on是介词。

eg:He goes on reading books.

10、What day is today?        今天星期几?

It’s +星期

例:Bobby, what day is today?

It’s Wednesday, Miss Fox.

11、be/become/look/get+形容词

eg: He gets angry.

12、make a sentence with …   with “用”

He is a boy with big eyes.    with“有”针对 器官

13、wait 等

wait for  等….

eg:wait for the answer.

wait for him  (介词)

14、one year old

two years old

He was three years old.

 

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